Religions and Agriculture in Kashmir
Religions and Agriculture in Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is the Beautiful natural scenic state of India. It was located in the northern part of the India near the Himalayan Mountains. Jammu and Kashmir is a boarder for the India. As the state is comes under the four different neighbouring countries such as China, Nepal, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
Agricultural development and cultivations in Kashmir
Kashmir valley is the well known most fertile land in the world. The soils fertility is the top most factors to the production of crops in this region. The region is generally surrounded by the large mountain chains which have a different diversifiable conditions and topography. The Kashmir economy is mainly depending upon the tourism and agriculture. Many agricultural products were getting exported to the other countries too. An agricultural development society is strives for the development by implementing the modern techniques on agricultural practices. About a 68% of populations are depending on the agricultural sectors. As the people are living in the hilly areas, it is difficult for them to get the higher studies since from many years. So, many people have got settled in the agricultural field for their living needs.
The climatic conditions in some regions of the Jammu and Kashmir get varied. There will be an extereme climatic conditions in some regions, which may not be suitable for the griculture. So, people are interested to do farming in the different parts of the Kashmir where the climatic conditions are not that much extreme.
Many hybrid techniques were also following at present by the farmers due to the awareness that was provided by the agricultural department in Jammu and Kashmir. In this region, many copmmercial and staple crops are grown but the productivity may get varied sometimes.
Major crops that are cultivated in the Kashmir are as follows
The Kharief Crop
Rice is the major crop that can be grown in the Kharief season which is during the months of April and March which is considered to be as a summer season in India. The rice yield requires good irrigation facilities with good climatic conditions. The Kashmir valley in which the rice cropping is grown is just above the 2200 meters from the sea level. Nearly four lakh acres are under the cultivation and producing a yield of nearly 26 quintals per an acre.
Rabi crop in Kashmir
Wheat is the major crop in the Rabi season which can be grown during the warm weather conditions. An average rainfall is noted to be 65 to 72 centimeters which may be quite often during that season which is perfectly favorable for the wheat crop in this region. It is generally cultivated in the months of April and March just like rice crop in Kharief season. It is commonly seen in the outer plains which are the most fertile region in the Kashmir. The wheat plants will just grow like a long grass like texture in which nearly three thousand acres land in Jammu, Kashmir and in Ladakh regions. The main regions of wheat production are Kathua, Rambir singpora
Maize crop in Kashmir
Maize crop can be grown in the dry climatic conditions. The rainfall between 80 to 130 cms. It can be sown between the months of May and the July. It can be harvested in the months of November and the August.
Tobacco is requires a complete warm and moist climate. It is mainly grown on the soils which contains the lime. The tobacco crop is largely grown in the valleys of Kashmir region.
Rape seeds such as mustard, sesamum and linseed. They are the chief seeds for oil production. These type of cropping requires the hot and moisted climatic conditions. It is mainly grown in the entire Kashmir valley. Other than rape seeds are grown in anantnag and Srinagar regions.
Pulses in Kashmir
Hot and dry climatic conditions are the favorable things to cultivate pulses. They are mainly cultivated in a patched fashion. They are very famous for their quality.
Saffron is the main cash crop of the Kashmir,. The Kashmir saffron is very famous in the world. It is the most famous crop in the southern region of Asia. The saffron can be grown in during the months of august and July. It can gather by the hand and requires lot of manpower to get with. It can be grown in the form a trenched styled beds which is cultivated to prevent the excess accumulation of water into the yields. The cultivation of saffron can be seen at high rate in pampore region of Kashmir.
Fruits in Kashmir
Many fruits like Apples, cherries, mulberries and many other important dry fruits are famous in the Kashmir valleys. Many fruit plantations can be seen throughout the valleys in the region. The Kashmiri apples are the famous across the India due to its color, size and taste. The climatic conditions fin the Kashmir region is exactly suits the desirable conditions for the growth of the fruit plantations.
Religions in Kashmir
Since from the ancient times, the Kashmir region was ruled by different religious rulers that are greatly influenced on these regions. Main religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam are the predominant religions in the Jammu and Kashmir region. The temples related to all the religions were located in the Jammu and Kashmir.
Buddhism is one of the religions which are a nonthestic one. It is part of culture in classical Kashmir which is reflected from the puranas named Nilamata and the rajatarangani which is written by Kalhana. Buddhism is the more dominant religion in Jammu and Kashmir region during the times of Ashoka rule. Buddhism was followed by many other religions too. The religion is widely spread throughout the Ladakh region.
Buddhism during the period Mauryan
Ashoka is the most famous and well known historical ruler in Mauryan period. He had begun his rule after the period of Kalhana. In that period, Saffron cultivation have started with suggestion of a Buddhist preacher. Buddhism and Shaivism have given an equal importance during the rule of Ashoka. Ashoka have builted two temples for the Lord Shiva.
Buddhism during the period of Kushana
Kushana gave a great importance for the Buddhist religion in Kashmir during the Kanishkas reign. A Buddhist council has held under the leadership of Katyayaniputra’s.
Hinduism in Kashmir
Hinduism is highly patronized by the Hindu Kashmiri Pundits who are predominant in the Kashmiri region. Hindus mainly worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Shakti. According to the Hindu beliefs, Lord Shiva is considered to be as a supreme lord to the universe. The ganas and bhairavas are known to be companions of the lord Shiva were also worshipped in this region.
Many temples were getting constructed in the Jammu and Kashmir region. Still there are many historical evidences are available for the resemblance of Hinduism since from the ancient historical times. Many Hindu followers are believed that Lord Shiva came to the earth in the form of Amaranth avatar to bless the devotees. Amaranth temple is the most prominent destination for the Hindu devotees in Jammu and Kashmir. The Shaivism is greatly followed by the Hindu rulers too. The Kashmiri Shaivism is also called as a Pratyabhijna.
There are many ethical schools for the people to learn about the Vedanta’s, the preaching’s. Kashmiri Shaivism preaches that there is no barriers of caste, creed and religion to follow the lord Shiva.. There are many epical stories are scripted about the Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Still there are different traditional and superstitious practices were followed by the Hindu religious followers. Jammu and Kashmir is well known for the Devotional tours as there are many famous temples like amaranth cave, Maa Vaishno Devi temples and many other sacred places are located in this region.
Islam Religion in Kashmir region
There are different castes and religions were followed by the Indians and hence called as a multicultural society in the world. There are many religious practices are going since from the ancient times in religion to religion in different parts of India. Islam is one of the predominant religions in the Jammu and Kashmir region. Many Muslim rulers have ruled the Jammu and Kashmir region. It is one of the second largest religion in India. The Islam is the well known religion in the world and around 14.8% population are considered to be as a Islamic religion in India for the estimation.
Islam came to influence from the Arab traders who came to India at the coastal regions for the trading. The Arab traders greatly influenced the people around the coast to convert into the religion. Due to different changes in religions and rulers, the Islam slowly passed into the Kashmiri region. Today there are large number of Islamic people were living in the Jammu and Kashmir region. Mughals has developed the art and architecture of the Jammu and Kashmir. They have builted several gardens and developed them with good architecture in which the Persian culture is also greatly influenced in the constructions.