Kushinagar, previously known as Kasia Bazaar, is a prominent Buddhist site of pilgrimage, where, it is believed by Buddhists that Buddha attained Parinirvana after his death. Followers of the religion wish to visit this town at least once in their lifetime for its symbolic history.
The Mahaparinirvana Temple, famous for its architectural design, is built around a large statue of Buddha found in the reclining position. This statue was excavated in the year 1876. The inscription on the ruins found in the temple state that the remains of Lord Buddha have been preserved here.
Ramabhar Stupa, a 15 metres high stupa now stands marking the point where Buddha attained Parinirvana.
Kushinagar museum, displaying various artefacts like coins, sculptures, statues and banners is a principal point of attraction for tourists. It is most widely known for the stucco idol of Buddha built in the Gandhara style.
Another place of interest is the Sun Temple believed to be built during the Gupta Period. It houses an idol of the Sun God built out of Neelmani stone, rare in its magnificent black colour.
Kushinagar is named after King Kusha, son of the legendary Lord Rama, who ruled the city. The city is seen mentioned several times in the works of the Chinese traveller Hieun Tsang.
Kushinagar is located 53 kilometres from Gorakhpur which is the nearest railway terminus and 5 kilometres from the nearest airstrip, available in Kasia.